Department of Community Medicine

  • Introduction of Department
  • Facilities of Department
  • Faculty Members
  • Faculty Residents
  • Courses
  • Department Publications
  • Departmental Activities
  • Events

Introduction

Since the inception of the college in 1996, the department of Community Medicine has been at the helm of research activities apart conducting the undergraduate and post graduate teaching programme.The department is located on the 3rd floor of the Para Clinical block. It has a backing of Rural and urban field practice areas, which are responsible for providing community health services to both urban and rural populations of NagrotaBagwan and Shahpur blocks of district Kangra.

Apart from an annual admission of 120 MBBS students, the department has an annual intake of two (02) MD students in Community Medicine since 2010. The Interns are posted for a period of 8 weeks in both urban and rural health training centres during their internship programme.

Apart from undergraduate and postgraduate medical courses, the department is a nodal centre for the Bridge Programme (Certificate) in Community Health for Nurses (BPCCHN) under the aegis of the Indira Gandhi National Open University. The department is a centre for many multi-centric projects in collaboration with the leading institutes and organisations of the country.

                                                 “Knowledge forPublic Health Excellence”

Department of Community Medicine has a vision which is both comprehensive and harmonious in nature. We intend to project a standard to attain a standard in teaching, training and research by 2025. Looking back, since inception of the college, department has grown in terms of becoming a permanent recognized body to teach and train the under and post graduate medical students in public health discipline. These medical specialists become a source to serve the patients (Under-gradates) and entire population at large (Post-graduates). Working towards attaining “Health for All” goal, department is committed towards quality assured teaching and training. Medical graduates are trained in primary health care to make such services more accessible and affordable. Such level of training makes graduates well worse with implementation level issues and in turn to seek solution therein. Ongoing addition of knowledge needs to be accessed from various sources so that it can be well communicated to graduates. Such level of continuous and sustained knowledge enrichment has become important these days. It has become vital for faculty members to first update oneself about current level of valid knowledge, and then disseminate to further use. Searching for knowledge practicing current level of technology like internet, lacks documented and authenticated effort.  Capacities building of faculty members in various sub-specialties of public health like Epidemiology, Biostatistics, Health Management, Family Medicine and Social Sciences are required to set up these discipline for their application. 

Setting up of a required limit by Medical Council of India (MCI) in terms of minimum requirement shall not be looked as point of satisfaction. It should rather to be considered such a point form where road to excellence begins. Striding in race for excellence certainly serve the patient and population by getting quality product of national and international repute. Such a level cannot be attained without setting standards for teaching and training. Regular update for theories and applications of public health discipline is required through master level training courses in country and abroad. Thereafter, sub-disciplines shall be established for teaching, training, and consultancy practices.  Apart from routine book based and MCI scheduled teaching, department of Community Medicine is forecasting itself as a “consultancy node” for technical assistance to health care delivery system further to shape the health care strategies based on recollecting/generating research based evidence. This node certainly shall bring an interface between policy makers, program officers and public health experts. This kind power mix of evidence based knowledge, decision making, and public health practice build a supportive environment for effective health care strategies.  This indeed shall create a real time opportunity to medical graduates to practice public health principles. 

A state of art “consultancy” service shall be considered as a measured output for people at large for department of Community Medicine. Generated public health schemes in the form of health programs and their strategies will ultimately benefit the people at large in order to reduce disease burden, remove risk factors for diseases and improve their health. Stating this is just not enough, it requires a mammoth effort to upscale the level of knowledge and technical expertise, which is of international standards. For department of Community Medicine, a sustained international level interface needs to be created for knowledge and skills acculturation. This helps to understand the extent of public health practices and skills like for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, social sciences, health management, and family medicine. Usually department become self aware of them by accessing information itself in a medium of research journals, with the limited opportunity to practice such information. The interface brings an opportunity of personal interaction that enables us to practice such principles.

Vision

Facilities

1

Public Health Laboratory

Area- 100-150 Sq. Mt. with Facilities for investigation of Epidemics

2

Museum

Area- 100 Sq. Mts. with 78 specimens and 153 charts

3

Research Laboratory

Area-50 Sq. Mts. with facilities for water bacteriology

4

Departmental Library

Area-30 Sq. Mts.  Books: 110

5

IGNOU centre for BPCCHN course

6

Medical Research Unit

7

Computers

8

Laptops

9

LCDs

10

Broadband Internet connection

11

Television

12

Projectors

13

Public address systems

Faculty Members

# Photo Name Qualifications Designations Email ID Date of Joining Awards
1 Dr. Sunil Kumar Raina

MBBS, MD

Professor and Head ojasrainasunil@yahoo.co.in 12-Aug-2009
2 Dr. Dinesh Kumar

MBBS, MD    

Associate Professor dinesh9809@gmail.com 8-Nov-2011
3 Dr. Raman Chauhan

MBBS, MD, DNB

Assistant Professor rambo0936@gmail.com Jul-2016
4 Dr. Parveen Kumar

MBBS, MD

Assistant Professor drparveen69@yahoo.com 26-Sep-2019

Senior Residents

# Name Qualification Date of Joining
1 Dr. Shailja Sharma

MBBS, MD

16-Mar-2018
2 Dr. Harshvardhan Singh

MBBS, MD

17-Mar-2018
3 Dr. Des Raj

MBBS, MD

30-Oct-2018
4 Dr. Archana Gautam

MBBS, MD

20-Nov-2019

Junior Residents

# Name Date of Joining
1 Dr. Suresh Kumar 02-May-2017
2 Dr. Sakshi Bhota 26-May-2018
3 Dr Anil Kumar 28-May-2017
4 Dr. Garima Gupta 11-May-2018
5 Dr. TarunSood 03-May-2019
6 Dr. Shweta Kanwal 03-May-2019

S.O.P's


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Teaching Roster


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Courses

Courses in addition to MBBS/MD: 
Bridge Programme (Certificate) in Community Health for Nurses (BPCCHN) under the aegis of IGNOU.

Publications of the department in the last five years (in Vancouver style)- MS word file to be attached
 

Labs

# Name Number of labs

Syllabus

Competency based under graduate curriculum


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Department Highlights (Past 5 Years)

Research Work:

Healthcare-seeking Behaviour among the Tribal People of Himachal Pradesh: Is Current Health System adequate in meeting their Needs?

Risk factor surveillance to identify factors determining the distribution of selected Non- Communicable Diseases in tribal Himachal Pradesh.

Predictors of Spontaneous Abortions, Still Births and Early neonatal deaths in tribal Himachal Pradesh

Improving the capacity of health system and community for screening and management of some non-communicable diseases among schedule tribes: An implementation research in Lahul and Spiti district, Himachal Pradesh.

Publication List:

Raina SK. A comment on an evaluation of knowledge, attitude and practices about prescribing fixed dose combinations among resident doctors. Perspective in clinical research. 2014;5:47

Bhardwaj AK, Kumar D, Raina SK, Bhushan S, Chander V, Sharma S. Feasibility of development of a cohort in a rural area of Sub-Himalayan region of India to assess the emergence of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) risk factors. International Journal of Chronic Diseases.vol. 2014, Article ID 761243, 6 pages, 2014. doi:10.1155/2014/761243

Mahajan N, Bhardwaj AK, Gupta A, Raina SK, Bansal P, Gupta BP. An epidemiological study on the road traffic accidents from hills of north India. Burn Trauma 2014; 2:71-5

Raina SK. Matching in case-control studies - A comment on Do geriatrics require dose titration for antidiabetic agents? J Postgrad Med 2014; 60:93-4.

Raina S, Raina SK, Chander V, Sharma S. Snake bite profile from a medical college in rural setting in the hills of Himachal Pradesh, India. Indian J Crit Care Med 2014; 18:134-8.

Bhardwaj AK, Raina SK. Understanding pattern and trends in use of tobacco in India. Sub-Himalayan J Health Research 2014; 1:1-3.

Singh M, Kaistha M, Sood A, Raina SK, Bhardwaj AK. Use of social networking sites among medical undergraduates of a medical college in north-west India. Sub-Himalayan J Health Research 2014; 1:9-11.

Joshi H, Kumar A, Raina SK. A study to evaluate adolescent health problems using focus group discussion. Sub-Himalayan J Health Research 2014; 1: 12-15.

Sood A, Sood A, Raina SK, Chander V, Chauhan S, Rani S. Surveillance of water quality in a medical college campus in a rural area in north-west. Sub-Himalayan J Health Research 2014;1:16-19

Minhas A, Sood A, Raina SK, Bansal P, Bhardwaj A. A cross-sectional assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice towards Hepatitis B among undergraduate medical students of a medical college in rural area. Sub-Himalayan J Health Research 2014;1:20-25.

Raina SK, Raina S, Chander V, Grover A, Singh S, Bhardwaj A. Is dementia differentially distributed- A study on the prevalence of dementia in Migrant, Urban, Rural and Tribal elderly population of Himalayan region in northern India. North Am J Med Sci. 2014;6:172-7

Raina SK. The need for controls in case control studies. North Am J Med Sci 2014;6:188-9.

Kapoor D, Bhardwaj AK, Kumar D, Raina SK. Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and Its Risk Factors among Permanently Settled Tribal Individuals in Tribal and Urban Areas in Northern State of Sub-Himalayan Region of India. International Journal of Chronic Diseases, vol. 2014, Article ID 380597, 9 pages, 2014. doi:10.1155/2014/380597

Bhardwaj AK, Kashyap S, Bansal P, Kumar D, Raina SK, Chander V, Sharma S. Factors Influencing Early Health Facility Contact and Low Default Rate among New Sputum Smear Positive Tuberculosis Patients, India.Pulmonary Medicine, vol. 2014, Article ID 132047, 5 pages, 2014. doi:10.1155/2014/132047

Raina SK. A comment on "Does first line antiretroviral therapy increase the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in Indian patients? A cross sectional study. J Postgrad Med 2014; 60:226.

Raina SK. Performing multi stage random sampling in community based surveys. J Postgrad Med 2014; 60:221-2.

Raina SK, Kaushal K. India and End of Life Discussions- A Comment on End of Life Discussion in an Academic Family Health Team in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. J Family Med Prim Care. 2014 Jan-Mar; 3(1): 90.

Raina SK. A comment on Incidence of occupational exposure. Indian J Sex Transm Dis 2014; 35:68.

Raina SK. Accounting for Attitude in a KAP Study - A comment on Knowledge, attitude and practice of stroke in India versus other developed and developing countries. Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology. Ann Indian AcadNeurol 2014; 17:241-2.

Raina SK, Chahal JS, Sharma KK, Kaur N, Sharma SB. Prevalence of pernicious anaemia among voluntarily consenting healthy adults- A report from north-west India .Public Health Research. 2014; 4(4): 117-119

Kaushal K, Raina SK. Matching in case control studies- A comment on Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program regimens with and without directly observed treatment, short-course: A comparative study of therapeutic cure rate and adverse reactions. Perspect Clin Res 2014; 5:141

Raina SK Central nervous system lymphoma: patterns of incidence in Indian population and effect of steroids on stereotactic biopsy yield. Neurol India 2014; 62:343-4

Raina SK. Does serum vitamin-D predict insulin resistance in individuals with prediabetes ? Indian J Med Res 139, June 2014, 956-957

Raina SK. Understanding correlation in context of outliers. J Postgrad Med. 2014; 60:343-4.

Chahal JS, Raina SK Sharma KK, Kaur N. How common is Vitamin B12 deficiency-A report on deficiency among healthy adults from a medical college in rural areas of north-west India. Int J of NutrpharmacolNeurol Dis 2014:4:241-5.

Ganjoo S, Sharma A, Kaul V, Dev G, Raina SK,Koul D. Development of a nomogram to evaluate the usefulness of sonographic measurement of placental thickness for the estimation of fetal gestational age. J Basic Clin Reprod Sci 2014;3:111-4.

Raina SK.Self weighing& non-probability samples. Indian J Med Res 2014;140:149.

Raina SK,Chander V, Kumar D, Raina S, Bhardwaj A. Level of Literacy and dementia - A secondary post-hoc analysis from north-west India. J Neurosci Rural Pract2014;5:360-2.

Sood A, Mazta SR, Sharma A, Bhardwaj AK, Raina SK, Chander V, Rani S. Clinico-demographic profile of HIV patients from a low prevalence state of northern India.Tropical J Med Res 2014;17:112-16.

Raina SK. Risk approach strategy” in diabetics on fasting- evidence base through narrative review with special focus on Ramadan fasting. J Soc Health Diabetes 2015;3:11-5.

Kaushal A, Raina SK,Sharma VC, Bhardwaj A. Determinants of initiation of breast feeding among lactating women in Sub-Himalayan region. J Med Soc 2014; 28: 77-80.

Raina SK. Conducting randomized controlled trials in clinical settings. Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2014; 17:481-2.

Joshi H, Chopra V, Khan Z A, Mukherjee AK, Singh J, Raina SK. Differentials in the Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency Among Post Menopausal Women- A Study from North-West India. Int J Medicine and Allied Health Sciences, 2014; 4: 308-314.

Raina SK. A comment on Vitamin D status in adult critically ill patients in Eastern Indian: An observational retrospective study. Lung India 2015; 32:94.

Awasthi B, Raina SK, Kumar N, Sharma V. Socio-demographic determinants of traumatic musculoskeletal injuries- A register based study from north-west India. Int J Health Allied Sci 2015; 4:54-7

Kaul V, Saini G, Ganjoo S, Gupta A, Raina SK.Deltamethrin Ingestion with a suicidal intent: A Fatal Outcome. CHRISMED J Health Res 2015;2:61-3.

Raina SK . Use of international HIV dementia scale in assessment of neurocognition. Int J NutrPharmacolNeurol Diseases 2015;5:43.

Raina SK. Use ofSocio-economic status scales in medicine and public health. J Fam Med Primary care 2015; 4: 156.

Raina SK. Ratio of controls to cases: A design decision. J Postgrad Med 2014; 60:414.

Raina SK, Chander V, Raina S, Kumar D, Grover A, Bhardwaj A. Hypertension and Diabetes as risk for dementia-A secondary post-hoc analysis from north-west India. Ann Indian AcadNeurol 2015;18:63-5.

Raina SK, Neuropsychiatric in patients with Alzheimers disease and vascular dementia Ann Acad Neurol 2015; 18: 120-1

Raina SK, Gupta R. Floods and communicable disease: Risk assessment and prevention. Sub-Himalayan J Hea lth Res 2015; 2:1-2.

Minhas A, Sood A, Raina SK, Bhardwaj AK, Sharma A. A study to compare knowledge, attitude andpractices towards hepatitis B among undergraduate medical students of a medical college. Sub- Himalayan J Health Res 2015; 2: 16-20.

Kumar A, Malhotra P, Raina SK. Efficacy and saferty of sibutramine in overweight and obese subjects: A prospective single blind randomized placebo controlled study. Sub- Himalayan J Health Res 2015; 2: 26-34.

Sharma S, Raina SK, Bhardwaj A, Chaudhary S, Kashyap V, Chander V. Socio demography of mental retardation - A community based study from a goitre zone in rural sub-Himalayan India. J Neurosci Rural Pract 2015; 6:165-9.

Raina A, Kumar A, Singh A, Gupta G, Malhotra P, Raina SK. A Clinico-Hematological Profile ofelderlypatients being investigated for anemia in a tertiary care centre in north-west India. The Egyptian Journal of Hematology. Egypt J Haematol 2014; 39: 190-4.

Raina SK. Accounting for confounding. Indian J Psychiatry 2015; 57:110.

Raina SK. Use of visual aids in presenting study Results. J Postgrad Med 2015; 61:56- 7.

Raina SK. A comment on Hearing evaluation in mobile phone users at a tertiary care hospital. Indian Journal of Otology. Indian J Otol 2015; 21:160.

Raina SK. Establishing co-relation between genetics and non-response. J Postgrad Med 2015; 61:148

Raina SK. Conducting systematic sampling. Indian J Occup Environ Med 2015; 19:68.

Raina SK, Chahal JS, Kaur N. Co-relation between Homocysteine and vitamin B12 levels – A post hoc analysis from north-west India. Int J Health Allied Sci 2015; 4:115-8.

Raina SK. Validity versus reliability. Neurol India 2015;63:291-2

Raina SK. Ethical issue in follow-up. Neurol India 2015;63: 294

Raina SK. External validity and non-probability sampling. Indian J Med Res 2015; 141:487.

Kaushal, Sunil Kumar Raina. Observational studies versus controlled clinical trials for efficacy and effectiveness of a drug. Indian J Med Res 2015; 141:489-90.

Gupta R, Raina SK, Gupta RK, Verma AK , Mengi V.Assessment of “self concept” among undergraduate medical students of a medical college in North-west India. Public Health Research. 2015; 5(3): 79-82

Raina SK. Performing audit in histopathology. J Post Grad Med 2015; 61:213.

Kumar D, Bhardwaj AK, Raina SK, Sharma S, Chander V.Assessment of Extra Pulmonary Tuberculosis (EPTB) cases from selected Tuberculosis Units (TUs) of Himachal Pradesh, India. International Journal of Health.3 (2) 29-33.

Raina SK. Retrospective analysis of hospital data. J clinical neonatal 2015; 4:218-9

Raina SK. Conducting a national survey. Indian J Crit Care Med.2015;19:433-4.

Raina SK. Conducting placebo controlled randomized controlled trials. Indian J Med Res 2015; 141:839.

Raina SK. Conducting case control study on a cross-sectional database. Ann Indian acad Neurol 2015;18:301-1.

Raina SK. Age and sex matching in case-control studies. Lung India 2015; 32:544.

Raina SK. Confounding in case-control studies. Indian J Med Res 2015; 142:93.

Raina SK. Establishing association. Indian J Med Res 2015; 141:127

Raina SK. Deciding on the study design. Neurology India 2015; 63:640.

Raina SK. Comment on: Quality of life and psychological morbidity in vitiligo patients: A study in a teaching hospital from north-east India. Indian J Dermatol 2015; 60:513-4.

Gupta HV, Lee RW, Raina SK, Behrle BL, Hinduja A, Mittal MK. Analysis of YouTube as a Source of Information for Peripheral Neuropathy. Muscle Nerve. 2015 Oct 19. doi: 10.1002/mus.24916. [Epub ahead of print]

Raina SK, Maria A, Chander V, Raina S. Intersecting Pentagons as surrogate for identifying the use of Mini mental state examination in assessment of dementia in a largely illiterate population- A post hoc analysis. J Postgrad Med 2015;61:247-50

Raina SK, Kashyap V, Bhardwaj AK, Kumar D, Chander V. Prevalence of Autism spectrum disorders among children (1-10 years of age) - findings of a mid-term report from north-west India. J Postgrad Med 2015;61:243-46.

Raina SK. Randomization in a hospital based study. Lung India 2015;32(6):679

Raina SK. Conducting evaluation in gestational diabetes. J Postgrad Med 2015;61:266

Raina S, Raina SK, Kaul R, Sharma V. Seroprevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human immunodeficiency virus surface and syphilis among blood donors: A six year report from a sentinel site in western Himalayas, India. Indian J Sex Transm Dis 2015; 36:220-21

Jallu R, Gupta RK, Raina SK,Shora TN, Jan R (2015) T2DM Risk Factors: A Population Based Cross-Sectional Study in Rural Area of Northwest India: A Case Report. Endocrinol MetabSynd 4: 184. doi:10.4172/2161- 1017.1000184.

Raina SK. Errors in conducting screening for mild cognitive impairment with HMSE. Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2015;18:492-3

Raina SK. Age and sex matching in case control studies. Neurol India 2015;63:1005-

Lal C, Badola BP, Raina SK, Chander V. Co-relation between a Socio-economic status scale developed for Himachal Pradesh and visual analogue scale- A validity check. Himalyan Journal of Educational and Psychological Research. 89-91.

Raina S, Raina RK, Raina SK. Hyperuricemia: A risk factor beyond gout. J Obes Metab2015;2:228-33.

Gupta R, Shora TN, Verma AK, Raina SK. Utility of MDRF-IDRS ( MadrasDuabetes Research Foundation- Indian Diabetes Risk Score) as a tool to assess risk for diabetes- A study from North-west India. Int J Diabetes Dev Ctries (October–December 2015) 35(4):570–572

Awasthi B, Raina SK, Chauhan N, Sehgal M , Sharma V, Thakur L. Distribution of elbow injuries among children 3-13 years of age in North-west India. Trop J Med Res 2016;19:61-3.

Minhas A, Sood A, Raina SK, Bhardwaj AK, Awasthi A. Assessment of Patient Satisfaction with indoor services in a Rural Tertiary Care Hospital in Himachal Pradesh. Sub Him J Health Res 2015; 2: 87-89

Sidhu TK, Singh G, Raina SK. Analysis of Breast feeding practices in India- A systematic review. Sub Him J Health Res 2015; 2: 120-5

Raina SK, Chander V, Bhardwaj A, Parasher CL (2015) Mean scores on Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) as Indicator of Prevalence of Depression in a Rural Elderly Population in North-West India. Int J Ment Health Psychiatry 2:2. doi:10.4172/2471-4372.1000117

Raina SK, Chander V, Raina S, Grover A. Post-hoc principal component analysis on a largely illiterate elderly population from North-west India to identify important elements of MMSE. J Neurosci Rural Pract2016;7:44-7.

Raina SK, Chander V. To evaluate the utility of 10 warning signs questionnaire in assessment of cognitive function among elderly people. J Neurosci Rural Pract2016;7:168-70.

Gupta RK, Shora TN, Jan R, Raina SK, Mengi V, Khajuria V. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Rural Northern India. Indian J Comm Health. 2015; 27, 3: 327-333.

Raina SK. Calculating incidence in cross-sectional studies. J Postgrad Med 2016:62:51-2.

Raina SK. Authors reply. J Postgrad Med 2016; 62:53-4.

Raina SK ,Singh M, Sood A, Chander V. Assessment of need for capacity building in framing multiple choice questions for Undergraduate medical students. J Sci Soc 2016;43:11-3

Raina SK. Matching in hospital based case-control studies. Annals of African Medicine 2015; 15: 43-44.

Sunil Kumar Raina, VishavChander, Chaman Lal Prasher, and Sujeet Raina, “Prevalence of Hypertension in a Tribal Land Locked Population at High Altitude,” Scientifica, vol. 2016, Article ID 3589720, 8 pages, 2016. doi:10.1155/2016/3589720

Hinduja A, Habetz K, Raina SK,Ramakrishnaiah R, Fitzgerald RT.Predictors of Poor Outcome in Patients with Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome. International Journal of Neuroscience. DOI: 10.3109/00207454.2016.1152966

Raina SK . Arriving at natural history of disease. NeurolIndia2016;64:360-1.

Singh M, Sharma S, Raina SK. A study to evaluate the utility of using opportunistic screening for hypertension in primary care settings using a two phase study design. Public Health Research 2016, 6(2): 45-51

Raina SK, Awasthi B. Research in surgical treatments. Indian J Orthop2016;50:335

Chauhan V, Raina SK, Thakur S. State of the globe: the resurgence of Vivax. J Global Infect Dis 2016; 8:59-60.

Raina SK, ChanderV, Bhardwaj A.Dementia in a tribal land locked elderly population at high altitude – What explains the lower prevalence?. J Neurosci Rural Pract2016;7:419-22.

Raina SK. Defining role of vitamin D in cognitive decline. Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2016;19:290-1

Sunil K Raina, Shailja Sharma, Ashok Bhardwaj, Mitasha Singh, Sanjeev Chaudhary, Vipasha Kashyap. Malnutrition as a cause of mental retardation- A population based study from Sub-Himalayan India. J Neurosci Rural Pract2016;7:341-5.

Gupta RK, Raina SK, Verma AK, Shora T. Emergency Contraception : Knowledge And Attitude Towards Its Use Among Medical Students of a medical college in North-west India. J Pharm Bioall Sci 2016;8:235-9.

Sharma S, Raina SK, Bhardwaj A, Chaudhary S, Kashyap V. Prevalence of mental retardation in rural, urban and slum population. Indian J Public Health 2016;60:131-7.

Hinduja A, Habetz K, Raina SK, Fitzgerald RT, Sahaya K. Predictors of seizures in patients with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. Epilepsy Behav. 2016 Jun 20;61:97-101

Raina SK (2016) From NHM to NPCDCS: Epidemiological Transition and Need for a National Program for Diabetes in India. J Metabolic Synd 5:204. doi:10.4172/2167-0943.1000204

Raina SK, Chahal JS, Sharma KK, Kaur N. To study the masking effect of folic acid on Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia. Int J Clin Exp Physiol2016;3:96-9.

Raina SK, Thakur L, Awasthi B, Kumar N, Sharma V, Kalia S. Sociodemography of musculoskeletal injuries due to roadside accidents: A register-based study from North-West India. Trop J Med Res 2016;19:110-3

Raina SK. Interpreting forest plots and funnels plots in meta-analysis. Neurol India 2016; 64:840.

Awasthi B, Raina SK, Negi N, Sharma V, Kalia S, Thakur L. Pattern of extremity fractures among patients with musculoskeletal injuries- A hospital based study from north India. J Med Soc 2016; 30: 35-7.

Raina SK. Choosing controls. Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2016;19:417.

Gupta RK, Raina SK, Shora TN, Jan R, Sharma R, Hussain S. A household survey to assess Community knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) on malaria in a rural population of northern India. J Family Med Prim Care 2016; 5:101-7.

Raina SK. Is it time to evaluate KAP studies. International Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health 2016; 1(1):1-2.

Gupta R, Raina SK. Family Planning in India—Issues and Challenges.international Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health 2016 ;1(1):8-14.

Raina SK, Thakur L, Awasthi B, Pathak S.A study to evaluate host factors for musculoskeletal injuries secondary to trauma among elderly people of Northwestern India. J Sci Soc 2016; 43:112-6.

Kenneth Habetz, Raghu Ramakrishnaiah, Sunil Kumar Raina, Archana Hinduja. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome: A comparative study of pediatric versus adult patients. DOI: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2016.09.00

Abhilash Sood, Seema Rani, SR Mazta, Ashok Sharma, AK Bhardwaj, Sunil Raina, Godhavari Verma. A focus group discussion (FGD) based study to understand the patient perspectives of health care along with satisfaction to services among the adult HIV/AIDS patients. J HIV Retrovirus. 2016, 2:1.

Lal C, Badola BP, Raina SK, Sood A. Identification of profiles for use in socio-economic status scales. International Journal of Pharmacology & Toxicology 2015; 5(3) 196-198.

Hinduja A, HabetzK , Raina SK, Fitzgerald RT. Predictors of Intensive Care Unit Utilization in Patients with Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome. Acta Neurol Belg (2016). doi:10.1007/s13760-016-0703-5

Sharma V, Gupta RK, Jamwal DS, Raina SK, Langer B, Kumari R. Prevalence of chronic respiratory disorders in a rural area of North West India - A population based study. J Family Med Prim Care 2016; 5: 416-9.

Joshi H, Magon P, S Raina. Effect of Mother- infant pair's latch-on position on child's health- lesson for nursing care. J Family Med Prim Care 2016; 5: 309-12.

Mitasha Singh, Des Raj, Sunil Kumar Raina, Manoj Kumar Gandhi, VishavChander. Using Multi-state Observational Studies to Determine role of Hypertension and Diabetes as Risk Factors for Dementia. J Neurosci Rural Pract2016;7:3-6.

Mahajan VK, Raina S, Kohli S, Gupta S, Sharma S .Cognitive impairment among persons of rural background living with human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Neurosci Rural Pract2016;7:1314

Raina SK, Chander V, Raina S, Kumar D. Feasibility of using EASI as alternative to mental state examination as a screen in two phase surveys estimating the prevalence of dementia in largely illiterate Indian population. Indian J Psychiatry 2016;58:459-61

Gupta RK, Langer B, Raina SK, Kumari R, Jan R, Rani R. Goiter prevalence in school-going children: A cross-sectional study in two border districts of sub-Himalayan Jammu and Kashmir. J Family Med Prim Care 2016;5:825-8.

Awasthi B, Raina SK, Verma L, Kalia S. Cost of initial management of musculoskeletal injuries due to road traffic crashes: A register-based study from North-West India. J Sci Soc 2017;44:31-5.

Negi M, Negi RR, Raina SK, Thakur P. Profiling esophageal carcinoma among patients presenting to a medical college in rural area of north-west India. Public Health Research 2017, 7(1): 35-37.

Raina SK. Choosing controls in a case control study. Indian J Occup Environ Med 2016;20:153.

Singh P, Gupta RK, Jan R, Raina SK. Adherence for medication among self-reporting rural elderly with diabetes and hypertension. J Med Soc 2017; 31:86-9.

Bhardwaj A, Sharma G, Raina SK, Sharma A. Advanced age and higher NIHS Score as predictors of poor outcome in ischemic stroke patients treated with altepase - A study from a tertiary care centre in rural North-west India. J Neurosci Rural Pract 237;8: 236-40.

Kaushal A, Singh M, Sharma P, Chander V, Raina SK. Determinants of exclusive breast feeding among lactating women in Sub-Himalayan region. Trop J Med Res 2017;20: 70-4.

Awasthi B, Raina SK, Chauhan N, Sehgal M, Sharma V, Thakur L. Anthropometric characterization of elbow angles and lines among Indian Children. Adv Hum Biol 2017;7:71-4

Raina SK, Chauhan V, Thakur S. State of the globe: Hepatitis C- opportunistic versus organized screening. J Global Infect Dis 2017; 9: 39-40.

Sundresh N, Deepa K Gupta, Sunil Kumar Raina, Abhilash Sood. Satisfaction levels of indoor patients in a rural tertiary care hospital in Himachal Pradesh. International Journal of Current Research, 9, (05), 50770-50772.

Raina SK, ChanderV, Bhardwaj A, Kumar D, Sharma S, Kashyap V, Singh M, Bhardwaj A. Prevalence of autism spectrum disorder among rural, urban and tribal children (1-10 years of age) J Neurosci Rural Pract 2017; 8:368-74.

Chauhan V, Galwankar S, Kumar R, Raina SK, Agrawal P, Krishnan SV, Bhoi S, Kalra OP, Soans ST, Aggarwal V, Kubendra M, Bijayraj R, Datta S, Srivastva RP. The 2017 Academic College of Emergency Experts and Academy of Family Physicians of India Position Statement for Preventing Violence against Healthcare Workers and Vandalization of HealthCare Facilities in India. Int J CritIllnInj Sci 2017;7:79-83.

Negi RR, Singh M, Kaushal A, Raina SK. Breast cancer awareness and attitude among nurses of a tertiary care centre of Sub-Himalayan region. J Evolution Med Dent Sci. 2017; 6 (33):2710-2713.

Negi RR, Kaushal A, Singh M, Raina SK. Converting knowledge into practice: A cross sectional survey among nurses of Sub- Himalayan region about breast cancer. International Journal of current research. 2017; 9 (03): 48139-48144.

Kumar D, Sharma SB, Bhardwaj AK, Raina SK, Raina S. Assessing a change for acute myocardial infraction and its risk factors in a rural cohort of northern state of India. Heart India 2017;5:116-21.

Bhanu Awasthi, Sunil Kumar Raina, Uttam Singh, Lokesh thakur, Sandeep Kalia. Pattern of fractures among patients with musculoskeletal injuries due to fall - A hospital based study from north India.J Sci Soc 2017;44:90-4.

Awasthi B, Raina SK, Singh U, Kalia S, Thakur L . Epidemiological profile of injuries due to fall reporting to a tertiary care centre in a rural area of Northern India. Trop J Med Res 2017; 20: 175-9

Sood A, Singh M, Raina SK, Bhardwaj AK, Chander V, Minhas A. Study of Menopausal Symptoms in the nursing staff and female attendants in a rural Medical College. Trop J Med Res 2017; 20: 185-88

Raina SK, Chander V, Raina S, Kumar D. Questionable usefulness of the Everyday Abilities Scale of India to screen for dementia. Indian J Psychiatry. 2017 Jul-Sep; 59(3): 395–396.

Gandhi MK, Sharma P, Singh M, Raina SK, Pal R. Trend of neuropsychiatric morbidity in sub-Himalayan region: An audit of retrospective data mining. J Neurosci Rural Pract 2017; 8: 609-16

Singh P, Gupta RK, Jan R, Shora TN, Raina SK. Assessing the functional disability of rural elderly population from north- west India using activity of daily living scale - A cross sectional survey. J Dent Allied Sci 2017;6: 56-9

Gupta RK, Hussain S, Parveen Z, Raina SK, Langer B, Kumari R. Does being under treatment improve Knowledge Attitude Practice for Hypertension – A hospital based study from North India. J Family Med Prim Care 2017;6: 279-83

Raina SK, Saroch M, Yadav G, Bhardwaj A. Establishing ancestry through pedigree of a village with high prevalence of hearing impaired. Journal Indian Speech Language Hearing Assoc 2017; 31: 1-4

Manik Sehgal, Bhanu Awasthi, Sunil Kumar Raina, Narvir Singh Chauhan, Vipin Sharma, Lokesh Thakur. Anthropometric characterization of elbow angles and lines among Tibetan children (3-13 yrs) seeking refugee in India- A comparison Survey. Adv Hum Biol2017;7:71-4

Raina SK , Bhanu Awasthi, Kumar L , Kalia S , Thakur L .Road geometry as a factor for musculoskeletal injuries due to Road traffic accidents in sub-Himalayan state of Himachal Pradesh. J Sci Soc 2017; 44: 145-7

Kumar D, Kumar R, Chauhan R, Chander V, Raina SK. Pattern of health promises for Indian Democracy: A qualitative review of political promises. J Family Med Prim Care 2017;6: 455-9

Gupta RK, Verma A, Raina SK, Kumari R, Langer B, Gupta C, Akhter N. Dietary Beliefs Among Informal Caregivers Regarding Common Childhood Diseases In Rural North-West India. Indian Journal of Community Health 2017; 29(3), 271 – 276.

Sharma P, Singh M, Gandhi MK, Raina S, Raina SK, Bhardwaj AK. Seasonal trend of fever cases seeking health care services at a tertiary care centre- an audit of retrospective data from sub-Himalayan region. J. Evolution Med. Dent. Sci. 2018; 7 (15):1862-67.

Chauhan V, Negi PC, Raina S, Raina SK, Bhatnagar M, Guleri R, Kanwar V, Pandey KS. Smartphone-based tele-electrocardiography support for primary care physicians reduces the pain-to-treatment time in acute coronary syndrome. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. First Published. 2018; 24 (8): 540-546.

Gupta RK, Langer B, Singh P, Raina SK, Kumari R,Hussain S, et al.. Prenatal sex determination and pre-conception and pre-natal diagnostic techniques act (PC-PNDT): a comparative study among rural and urban females of reproductive age group (15-45 yrs) attending a tertiary care teaching hospital in North India. J Curr Res Sci Med 2018;4:21-5

Raina SK. Establishing natural history of disease. Neurol India 2018; 66:582.

Raina SK. Bias in randomized trials. Neurol India 2018; 66:583-84

Raina SK, Galwankar SC, Bhat R, Bodhankar U, Prabhoo R, Mishra SK. Organised Medicine: Need for a guild of association. J Global Infect Dis 2018; 10: 35-36

Raina SK, Kumar R, Kumar D, Chauhan R, Raina S, Chander V, et al. Game change in Indian Health Care System through reforms in medical education curriculum focusing on primary care- Recommendations of a joint working group. J Family Med Prim Care 2018;7:489-94.

Negi M, Kumar S, Devi S, Raina SK. Profiling estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2/neu in breast carcinoma: Study of 111 consecutive cases. J Sci Soc 2018;45:13-6.

Gupta V, Sharma S, Raina SK, Bedi GK. Clinical, ultrasonographic, and biochemical correlates of polycystic ovarian syndrome: A case–control study from a Tertiary Care Center in North India. J Sci Soc 2018;45:8-12

Bhardwaj A ,Sharma A, Kumar G, Angra M, Bhardwaj SS, Raina SK, Sharma S, Sharma P. Profile of patients from a neurology registry in resource poor rural northwest India. J Neurosci Rural Pract2018;9:468-72.

Kapila P, Gupta R, Raina SK, Sharma AK, Gupta D, Sharma M, Bhardwaj VK. Development of a new skin incision for conduct of conventional autopsy. Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences 2018; 8: 54.

Singh M, Sharma P, Raj D, Sharma S, Kaushal A, Raina SK. Leisure time physical activity and risk of developing depression among the youth of Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh, India. Indian J Psychol Med 2018; 40:426-32.

Kumar D, Raina S, Sharma SB, Raina SK, Bhardwaj AK. Effectiveness of randomized control trial of mobile phone messages on control of fasting blood glucose in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus in a Northern State of India. Indian J Public Health 2018; 62:224-6.

Raina SK, Maria A, Gandhi MK. Role of chronobiology in determining the distribution of Non Communicable diseases across geographies- Thinking beyond diet. Advances in human biology. Adv Hum Biol2018;8:150-4

Kaul V, Sethi GK, Gupta H, Lakhwad L, Raina SK. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva mimicking as fibroma with hypospadias. Adv Hum Biol 2018;8:206-8.

Raina SK, Singh M, Chander V, Raina S. Prevalence and co-relates of hypertension among Gaddi (agro pastoralist) tribal’s at high altitude in North-West India. Adv Hum Biol2018;8:159-63

Raina S, Raina RK, Agarwala A, Raina SK, Sharma S. Co- infections as an etiology of acute undifferentiated febrile illness among adult patients in the Sub Himalayan region of North India. J Vector Borne Dis 55; 2018: 130–136

Kumar D, Raina SK, Bhardwaj AK. Explaining the variability of responses to abridged version of international classification of functioning, disability and health tool in community settings of Northern India. Indian J Phy Med Rehab 2018; 29(2): 37-42.

Kaur N, Chahal J, Raina S. Histopathological study of endometrial curettings in abnormal uterine bleeding : a hospital based study from a tertiary care centre from North India. International Journal of Scientific Research 2018; 7(10): 368-369

Singh V, Kaul V, Harish R, Kaur N, Rai S, Bansal S, Raina SK. Air pollution and respiratory dysfunction among adolescents: A case–control study from North West India. Indian J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2018;32:59-64

Gupta RK, Kumari R, Hussain S, Raina SK, Langer B, Parveen Z. A cross-sectional study to evaluate awareness about Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among rural adolescents in North-West India. J Dent Allied Sci 2018;7:60-4

Raina SK. Ensuring effective communication in public health emergencies. J Global Infect Dis 2018; 10:173-4.

Raina SK. Selecting controls in a case–control study. Indian J Psychiatry 2018; 60:514.

Aboud O, Salaimeh AA Raina SK, Sahaya K, Hinduja A. Positive clinical signs in neurological diseases - An observational study. JOCN 2019;59:141-145.

Gupta HV, Finlay CW, Jacob S, Raina SK, Lee RW, Hinduja A. Can admission BNP level predict outcome after intravenous thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke. Neurologist. 2019; 24(1):6-9

Singh M, Sharma P, Raj D, Sharma S, Kaushal A, Raina SK. Authors' response to the comments on Leisure Time Physical Activity and Risk of Developing Depression among the Youth of Kangra District, Himachal Pradesh, India. Indian J Psychol Med 2019: 41: 94-5

Chauhan NS, Thakur L, Singh S, Awasthi B, Raina SK. Morphometric evaluation of acetabular dimensions- A CT based study from a tertiary care centre in rural north-west India. J Med Soc 2018; 32: 195-98.

Raina SK. Sate of the Globe: Effect of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) on non-vaccine type invasive pneumococcal disease. J Global Infect Dis 2019;11:1

SK Raina. Need for a Novel health care delivery model focusing on primary care. J Family Med Prim Care 2019; 8:319-20

Awasthi B, Raina SK, Negi V, Chauhan NS, Kalia S. Morphometric study of lower end femur by using helical computed tomography. Indian J Orthop 2019:53: 304-8

Raina SK, Kumar R, Galwankar S, Gilada I, Aggarwal P, Krishnan SV, et al. A health care delivery model focusing on development of a cadre of primary care physicians—Recommendations of Organized Medicine Academic Guild. J Family Med Prim Care 2019;8:330-5.

Kumar D , Kalia R, Sharma SB, Raina SK. Validation of Community Based Assessment Checklist for Diabetes Mellitus in tertiary care setting, Himachal Pradesh, India. J Comprehensive Health.2019;7(1):page no 14-18

Kumari R, , Langer B, Jandial S, Gupta RK, Raina SK , Singh P. Psycho - social health problems: Prevalence and associated factors among students of professional colleges in Jammu. Indian J Comm Health. 2019; 31, 1: 43-49

Gupta RK, Raina SK. (2019) Primary Health Care Team and Population Coverage. Med Saf Glob Health 8: 150. doi: 10.4172/2574-0407/1000150

Raina SK, Galwankar S, Dhariwal A C, Bhatt R, Kumar R, Gilada I, Agarwal P, Krishna SV, Soans S, Srivastva RP, Bodhankar U. Fighting Anti-microbial Resistance (AMR): Status Paper with Action Points by Organized Medicine Academic Guild. J Global Infect Dis 2019;11: 54-58.

Raina SK. Antimicrobial Resistance: Are we ready? J Global Infect Dis 2019;11: 53

Raina SK, Kumar R, Gupta RK. A primary care based patient centric palliative care model. J Family Med Pri Care 2019; 8: 1519-22

Raina SK. Need for a framework document on building competency in injury prevention. J Family Med Pri Care 2019; 8: 1814-5

Gandhi MK, Singh M, Sharma P, Kaushal A, Sharma CD, Raina SK. Maternal predictors of low birth weights: Audit of data of delivery room register at a Tertiary Health Center of Sub-Himalayan Region. J Sci Soc 2018;45:129-35

Sharma B, Raina S, Sharma R, Bodh V, Raina SK, Sharma N. Self-Expanding Metallic Stents (SEMS) in inoperable esophageal cancer: A prospective analysis of morbidity and survival outcomes. Indian J Palliat Care 2019;25:398-402.

Raina SK. Motivated to Quit: Impact of Health Warnings Depicted on the Tobacco Packets on Adults from Sub-Himalayan Himachal Pradesh. J Metabolic Synd 8: 245. doi:10.4172/2167-0943.1000245

Kumar D, Kumar R, Raina SK, Grover A, Panda A, Gupta R, Khan AM. The AFPI-CAR policy paper on identifying basic framework of possible roadmap for one health. J Family Med Prim Care 2019;8:3465-8

Bhardwaj AK, Raina SK, Kumar D. Feasibility and performance of Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) led Active Case Finding (ACF) strategy for Tuberculosis in a community health block of Himachal Pradesh. Journal of Comprehensive Health 2019;7(2):57-9.

Kumar D, Kalia R, Kaushal. Formulating a tool to measure motivational values of women towards gender of a child. Journal of Comprehensive Health 2019;7(2):50-6.

Kumar D, Bhardwaj A, Sharma S, Malhotra B, Amadi C, Grover A, Joshi A. Protocol for an experimental study to design and evaluate a personalized human centered dietary decision support system for use among diabetics in an Indian settings. JMIR research protocols 2019;DOI: 10.2196/preprints.13635

Kumar D, Kalia R, Sharma SB, Raina SK. Validation of community based assessment checklist for diabetes mellitus in tertiary care setting, Himachal Pradesh, India. Journal of Comprehensive Health 2019;7:14-8.

Kumar D, Bhardwaj AK. Feasibility of a mobile based Continuing Medical Education (CME) program for recent updates in the medical colleges of Himachal Pradesh, India. Indian Journal of Tuberculosis 2019;66(1):58-63

Singh M, Bhardwaj AK, Kumar D. Infection induced hyperglycemia in tuberculosis patients at selected health institutions in north India. Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018;43(4);322-3.

Sharma P, Bhardwaj AK, Singh M, Kumar D, Sharma A, Grover A.Does fluorosis affect the intelligence profile of children? A cross sectional analysis of school children of district Una, Himachal Pradesh, India. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5(3):1047-1053 DOI.: 10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20180759

Kumar D, Raina S, Sharma SB, Raina SK, Bhardwaj AK. Effectiveness of Randomized Control Trial (RCT) of mobile phone messages on control of fasting blood glucose in patients with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) in a northern state of India. Indian Journal of Public Health 2018;62(3):224-6.

Kumar D, Raina SK, Bharwaj AK. Explaining the Variability of Responses to an Abridged Version of International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health Tool in Community Settings of Northern India. Indian J Phy Med Rehab 2018;29(2):37-42.

Sharma S, Sharma C, Kumar D. Improving the breastfeeding practices in healthy neonates during hospital stay using quality improvement methodology. Indian Pediatrics 2018;55:757-60.

Singh M, Bhardwaj AK, Kumar D. Feasibility assessment of facility based blood glucose monitoring among patients with Tuberculosis in North India. Journal of Comprehensive Health 2018;6:103-11.

Singh M, Bhardwaj AK, Kumar D. Association between smoking, tuberculosis and diabetes-TB: an analysis on Indian TB patients. Tobacco induced diseases. 2018;16(1): A824.DOI: 10.18332/tid/84191 (eISSN:1617-9625)

Kumar D, Goel C, Bansal AK, Bhardwaj AK. Delineating the factors associated with recurrence of tuberculosis in programmatic settings of rural health block, Himachal Pradesh, India. Indian Journal of Tuberculosis 2018; 65(4):303-7 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijtb.2018.07.001

Raina SK, Kumar R, Kumar D, Chauhan R, Raina S, Chander V et al. Game change in Indian Health Care System through reforms in medical education curriculum focusing on primary care- Recommendations of a joint working group. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care 2018;7:489-94.

Prinja S, Balasubramanian D, Gursimar Jeet, Verma R, Kumar D, Bahuguna P, Kaur M, Kumar R. Cost of delivering secondary-level health care services through public sector district hospitals in India. Indian J Med Res 2017;146:354-61.

Kumar D, Kumar R, Chauhan R, Chander V, Raina SK. Pattern of health promises for Indian democracy: A qualitative review of political manifestos. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care 2017;6(3):455-9.

Bhardwaj AK, Kumar D, Sharma S, Gupta A, Chander V, Sood A. Building evidence for coverage of fully vaccinated children of 12-23 months of age across districts of North India, 2015. Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2017;42:197-9.

Raina SK, Chander V, Raina S, Kumar D. Response to questionable usefulness of the everyday abilities scale of India to screen for dementia. Indian J Psychiatry 2017;59:396-7.

Kumar D, Sharma SB, Bhardwaj AK, Raina SK, Raina S. Assessing a change for acute myocardial infraction and its risk factors in a rural cohort of northern state of India. Heart India 2017;5(3):116-21.

Kumar D. Mobile phone messaging system for reporting of laboratory results among patients with type-2 Diabetes Mellitus in Himachal Pradesh, India, Journal of Comprehensive Health 2017;(5):14-22.

Raina SK, Chander V, Bhardwaj AK, Kumar D, Sharma S, Kashyap V, Singh M, Bhardwaj A. Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders among rural, urban, and tribal children (1-10 years of age). Journal of Neuroscience in Rural Practice. 2017;44-50.

Gulreia KS, Kumar D, Raina SK, Sharma G, Chauhan A. Scope for an appliciaiton of Quality of Care (QoC) principles for cataract surgeries in secondary care hospital of Himachal Pradesh, India. Sub-Himalayan Journal of Health Research 2017;4(2):31-5.

Raina SK, Chander V, Raina S, Kumar D. Feasibility of using everyday abilities scale of India as alternative to mental state examination as a screen in two phase survey estimating the prevalence of dementia in largely illiterate Indian population. Indian J Psychiatry 2016;58:459-61.

Bansal R, Sharma PK, Jaryal SC, Gupta PK, Kumar D. Comparison of sensitivity and specificity of ZN and fluorescent stain microscopy with culture as gold standard. Journal of Tuberculosis Research 2016;5:118-28.

Raina SK, Chander V, Raina S, Kumar D. Feasibility of using everyday abilities scale of India as alternative to mental state examination as a screen in two-phase survey estimating the prevalence of dementia in largely illiterate Indian population. Indian J Pyschiatry 2016;58(4):459-61.

Sharma P, Singh M, Kaushal A, Kumar D, Bhardwaj AK. Utility of reporting under Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) from an urban and rural block of Himachal Pradesh. Journal of Research in Preventive and Social Medicine 2016(2);8-11.

Sharma P, Singh M, Kumar D, Grover A, Bhardwaj AK. Effect of fluoride exposure through drinking water on the oral health status and intelligence profile of school children of district Una, Himachal Pradesh: An interim analysis. Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences 2016(5):7484-7.

Prinja S, Gupta A, Verma R, Bahuguna P, Kumar D, Kaur M, Kumar R. Cost of delivering health care services in public sector primary and community health centres in North India. Plos One 2016.

Kumar D, Bansal AK, Mankotia S, Tripathy SK, Bhardwaj AK. Spatio-temporal analysis of secondary data for usefulness and utility of health management information system. Journal of Comprehensive Health 2016(4);20-34.

Guleria KS, Chauhan A, Kumar D. Performance of school based screening approach in a rural health block for ocular morbidities under national blindness control program (NBCP), Himachal Pradesh. Sub-Himalayan Journal of Health Research 2016(3);47-51.

Kaistha M, Kumar D, Bhardwaj AK, Raina SK. Agreement between ICD (International Classification of Disease) and CODAC (Cause of Death and Associated Conditions) for Ascertainment of Cause of Stillbirth (SB) in the Rural Areas of North India. Indian Journal of Public Health 2016;60:73-6.

Sharma P, Singh M, Raj D, Sharma P, Kaushal A, Kumar D. Time trend analysis based assessment for utility of routine HIV survelliencce, 2007-14 in a tertiary care hospital of North India. Sub-Himalayan J Health Res 2016;3(1):65-68.

Singh M, Sharma S, Kumar D, Bhardwaj AK. Studying the decision making process for giving birth at tertiary health facility of Sub-Himalyanregion.Internatinal Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health. 2016;1(1):15-24.

Singh M, Kumar D, Bhardwaj AK. Demand and Supply side barriers. Sub-Himalayan Journal of Health Research 2015(2);

Singh M, Sharma P, Kumar D, Bhardwaj AK. Self reported performance appraisal of Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) in a health block of rural area of Himachal Pradesh. Sub-Himalayan Journal of Health Research 2015(2);78-82.

Kumar D, Sharma P, Bhardwaj AK. A Feasibility Assessment of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) tool for locomotion in rural community of Northern India. Indian Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Accepted)

Kumar D, Grover A, Katoch VM. Scope of translational research focusing rural areas. Indian Journal of Medical Research. 2015 (Accepted)

Bhardwaj AK, Kumar D, Raina SK, Sharma S, Chander V. Assessment of extra pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) cased from selected Tuberculosis Units (TUs) of Himachal Pradesh, India. International Journal of Health. 2015(3);29-33.

Kumar D. An outlook for effective health care financing in different states in India. Sub-Himalayan Journal of Health Research 2015(2);6-11.

Bhardwaj AK, Kumar D. Investing resources for HIV/AIDS prevention and control. Sub-Himalayan Journal of Health Research 2015(2);12-15.

Kapoor D, Kumar P, Ranjan A, Sharma KN, Dogra VD, Bansal R, Sharma KK, Kumar D. Assessment of pulmonary function in patients with type-2 Diabetes Mellitus: A case-control study. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences 2015;3(1):207-13.

Chauhan R. Race for publications- Isn’t it killing the real purpose of research. Indian J Public Health 2015; 59:158-9.

Thakur A, Gupta B, Gupta A, Chauhan R. Risk factors for cancer cervix among rural women of a hilly state: A case-control study. Indian J Public Health 2015; 59:45-8.

Sandhu S, Chauhan R, Mazta SR. Prevalence of Risk Factors for Noncommunicable Diseases in Working Population. MAMC J Med Sci 2015;1:101-4.

Chauhan R, Mazta SR, Dhadwal DS, Sandhu S. Indian public health standards in primary health centres and community health centres in Shimla District of Himachal Pradesh: A descriptive evaluation. CHRISMED J Health Res 2016;3:22-7.

Negi PC, Chauhan R, Rana V, Vidyasagar, Lal K. Epidemiological study of non-communicable diseases (NCD) risk factors in tribal district of Kinnaur, HP: A cross-sectional study, Indian Heart J 2016; 68:655-62.

Sandhu S, Singh MM, Chauhan R, Mazta SR, Prashar A. Risk factor profile for noncommunicable diseases in public institutions of Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India. Int J Community Med Public Health 2016; 3:3063-7.

Kumar D, Kumar R, Chauhan R, Chander V, Raina SK. Pattern of health promises for Indian democracy: A qualitative review of political manifestos. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care 2017;6(3):455-9.

Sharma M, Thakur P, Chauhan R, Sharma A. Ineffective legislation affecting health of adolescents. South Asian J Cancer 2017; 6:39–40.

Sood D, Rana L, Chauhan R, Shukla R, Nandolia K. Superior semicircular canal dehiscence:A new perspective. Eur J Radiol Open 2017; 4:144-6.

Raina SK, Kumar R, Kumar D, Chauhan R, Raina S, Chander V et al. Game change in Indian Health Care System through reforms in medical education curriculum focusing on primary care- Recommendations of a joint working group. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care 2018; 7:489-94.

Rana L, Sood D,Chauhan R, Shukla R, Gurnal P, Nautiyal H, Tomar M. MR Imaging of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy - Distribution Patterns and ADC value correlations. Eur J Radiol Open. 2018; 5:215-220.

Shandil A, Verma N, Sood D, Chauhan NS, Bhardwaj A, Chauhan R, Shandil A. Comparison of the findings of gray scale sonography, colour Doppler and CT angiography in evaluation of Extracranial Carotid vascular stenosis. JMSCR 2019; 7:451-9.

Kumar P, Chauhan R, Raina SK, Kumar D. Effectiveness of video demonstration as a method to impart skills training to health workers. Sub Him J Health Res.2018; 5(2):3-7.

Kumar P, Chauhan R, Raina SK and Kumar D. Effectiveness of video demonstration as a method to impart skills training to health workers. Sub Him J Health Res.2018; 5(2):3-7.

Departmental Activities

The department conducted the National conference of Consortium against Rabies (CARCON) on 12th June 2019

A Regional Research Methodology workshop of The ICMR was conducted on September5th to 6th, 2019.

A workshop on introductory statistics on SPSS was conducted by the department on 14-15 December, 2019 under Dr.Padam Singh Research development scheme.

Workshop on the revised TOGs and PMDT guidelines to END TB in august 2019.

Events

CME on HIV/AIDS in collaboration with AIDS Society of India