Introduction

Community Medicine is the study of health and disease in the population of defined communities or groups in order to identify their health needs, and to plan, implement, and evaluate health programs to effectively meet these needs. The Goal of Community Medicine is

Protection and Promotion of Public Health. Community Medicine Specialist is a five star doctor. He is Epidemiologist, Health Manager, Health Communicator, Health Advocate and Family Physician

 Community Medicine reaches out to the people to provide services for prevention of diseases such as immunization, pre-natal care, health screening etc.; promotion of health such as safe water supply and sanitation, vector control measures, tobacco control policy etc.; and provision of primary medical care such as treatment of common ailments (diarrhea, pneumonia, TB, leprosy, malaria, hypertension etc.); whereas other branches of medicine largely provide diagnostic and treatment services to patients who seek treatment.

In India Community Medicine is synonymous with what is known as Public Health Medicine or Public Health in other countries.

Community Medicine Specialists are medical doctors who have MBBS degree and have taken a three year Doctor of Medicine (MD) course in Community Medicine during which they are trained in:

  1. Epidemiology and Bio-Statistics

  2. Health Planning and Health Management.

  3. Health Education and Health Promotion.

  4. Primary Medical Care.

Community Medicine specialist:

  1. Has in-depth understanding of determinants of health and diseases.

  2. Diagnoses and manages common illnesses and emergencies encountered in the community.

  3. Adopts integrated approach to develop policies to meet the health needs of the individual, family and Community.

  4. Conducts epidemiological investigations of communicable and non-communicable diseases and suggests appropriate solutions of public health problems.

  5. Conducts investigations into the problem of health services of the community. Plans, organizes, implements and evaluates health services and health programs.

  6. Interprets records and reports of health services at various levels of health care delivery system.

  7. Performs research and applies research findings to improve health services of the community.

  8. Undertakes teaching and training assignments in the field of community medicine for various categories of medical and paramedical personnel.

  9. Functions as an effective member as well as a leader of the health team.

Community Medicine department is located in the 3rd floor of the Para Medical college building situated in the college campus. The department has a backing of Rural and urban field practice area, which is responsible for providing community health services to both urban and rural population.

 

Community health services are provided through field practice areas of the department in Nagrota Bagwan and Shahpur blocks of district Kangra.

Urban Health Training Center :   Nagrota Bagwan.

Rural Health Training Centers:   Shahpur.

For providing rural health services and rural exposure to medical students, the department has taken control of one Community Development Block named Shahpur.

The Interns are placed for a period of 8 weeks in both urban and rural area.

The department intends to start post graduation (MD) in the academic year 2010 and process has been started with the submission of application for this to the Govt. of India and soon MCI is likely to visit the department for Inspection. There is proposed up gradation with the setting up of Epidemiology unit. The Epidemiology Unit is a core division that will be engaged in strengthening epidemiological services through training, surveillance, outbreak investigation and operational research.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Rajendra Prasad Medical college Kangra at Tanda (Himachal Pradesh)-176001 India